samedi 15 octobre 2011

Walter Crane, l'enchanteur

Walter Crane (15 août 1845 à Liverpool - 14 mars 1915) est un artiste majeur anglais.

Fichier:Walter crane small.jpg
Il fut également théoricien, écrivain, et socialiste convaincu. C'est l'un des principaux acteurs du mouvement artistique des Arts & Crafts. D'abord connu comme illustrateur, puis fervent promoteur des arts décoratifs, il a exercé son art dans de nombreux domaines: l'illustration, la peinture, la céramique, le papier peint, la tapisserie, etc.

Walter Crane est né d'un père illustrateur. Il se fait un nom dans les nursery books, de petits livres illustrés d'histoires ou de comptines destinés aux tout-petits (par exemple One, Two, Buckle my Shoe). Il est l'auteur des dessins et de l'enluminure de Household Stories from the Collection of the Brothers Grimm (dont sont tirées les deux galeries présentées ici), traduit par sa soeur Lucy, ainsi que d'autres livres moins destinés aux enfants, comme des ouvrages de Shakespeare ou Edmund Spencer. Crane fut un socialiste militant et illustra plusieurs livres dans des publications politiques. Il travailla également à l'introduction de l'art auprès des classes populaires au travers d'objets décoratifs comme des poteries, des rideaux ou des papiers peints. Il est considéré encore aujourd'hui comme un illustrateur pour enfants original et innovant qui eut autant de succès auprès du public que de la critique.



Art and Life




Arthur withdrawing Excalibur from the stone


Britomart


Diana and Endymion


Freedom


In the Beach House


La Belle Dame Sans Merci


My Soul Is an Enchanted Boat (detail)


Signs of Spring


Sir Galahad


The Lady of Shalott


The Masque of the Four Seasons


The Swan Maidens

Beauty and the Beast
 

Bluebeard Picture book
 
 *******
Cinderella
*******
The Frog Prince

*****
Beanstalk
******
Sleeping Beauty
 

******
King Midas with his daughter

***
Princess Belle-Etoile
 *****
Swan, Rush and Iris
Illustration for "The Trumpeter Taken Prisoner"
"The Man That Pleased None"

Pandora Opens the Box
Stained glass
Lithograph on paper
Faerie Queen
 The Fox and The Lion

The Hart and The Vine
The Peacock's Complaint
Walter Crane - Flora Feast
 
 

Queen Summer
*******

Walter Crane
Walter Crane was one of the premiere English illustrators. He was active during the “Golden Age” of illustration, from the late 1800′s to the early 1900′s.
Crane’s elegantly designed, deliberately retro illustrations for children’s books were influenced by his admiration for the work of Edward Byrne-Jones, and undoubtedly by the other Pre-Raphaelite painters, as well as by the Japanese prints that were favored in English and European society at the time.
Crane in return was also influential, both on his fellow illustrators, and on the wider Arts & Crafts Movement, with which he was integrally involved, having founded the Arts & Crafts Exhibition Society in 1888.
Crane was also a designer for textiles and wallpapers, and created gallery art, much in watercolor, and was an associate in the Water Colour Society.
His book illustrations range from graphically designed book pages, somewhat in the vein of Howard Pyle’s self-authored tales, to a more fully rendered style akin to his compatriot Arthur Rackham; though the artist who most often springs to mind for me in comparison is Edmund Dulac.
One of the best resources for Crane is the ArtMagick site, which has a bio and several pages of images. Wikimedia has quite a few book pages. You can read his entire illustrated Baby’s Own Aesop on MythFoklore.net, and a much shorter Beauty and the Beast on Bedtime Stories. Fontcraft has a font called Walter Crane, developed from examples of his hand lettering.
There are a number of books available with his illustrations and ornamentation.

Aucun commentaire:

Enregistrer un commentaire